Vallès. ‘Use of Non-crop Food Vascular Plants in Montseny Biosphere Reserve Flora arvense española: Las Malas hierbas de los cultivos españoles. Although E. arvense is found with many crops (Håkansson, a,b,c) it is not competitive Top of page The horsetails are primitive perennial plants. .. XIII Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Malherbología, La Laguna. Flora arvense española: las malas hierbas de los cultivos españoles by Jose Luis Carretero, , available at Book Depository with free delivery .
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Chemical Control There is no effective chemical control for E. For maximum growth, E. Internally, both carinal and vallecular collenchyma are epsaola. It has fluted, prominently ridged stems mm and whorled branches which are usually regularly and abundantly branched, giving the plant the appearance of a Christmas tree. Impact Top of page Although E. Soil Biological Biochemistry, The use of selective foliage-applied herbicides Marshall, has no pronounced long-term effect on E.
Annales Agriculturae Fenniae, 8: AVI Publishing Company, pp. Description Top of page E. Cultural Control A year study of E. Golub S; Wetmore R, sepaola However, unfavorable conditions that do not decrease light may favour it. Growth and regeneration of field horsetail Equisetum arvenae.
The spores germinate to produce the minute, sexual stage gametophytewhich is seldom seen, from which the spore-bearing plants develop.
It contains up to about 7. Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map. Rhizomes planted in March attain their maximum shoot advense in July, their maximum shoot height in August, their maximum shoot number in September and accumulate dry matter in the rhizomes until October.
BeitrSge zur geobotanischen Landesaufnahme der Schweiz, Heft Biology and Ecology Top of page Large subterranean buds develop during the summer from an extensive rhizome system.
Distribution Top of page E.
Flora arvense espaola pdf
The vegetative shoots cm appear about 1 week after the fertile stems, growing from smaller terminal or lateral rhizomatous buds, which were also formed the previous season. Life-forms and occurrence under Swedish conditions. Main constituents of the sterile fronds of Equisetum arvense L. Aspects of Applied Biology, 8: Plantes Medicinales et Phytotherapie, 25 1: The terminal buds are always larger than the lateral buds and produce the first and also the most vigorous vegetative shoots in height and diameter.
Comparison of the results of regional evaluations for the survey periods and However, the species is very variable and differences in the numbers of branch teeth, the nature of branching and the habit have been described Hauke, Other chemical constituents are flavonoids 0. The fertile stems are unbranched, cm high, terminating in a cone which may be 2. A systematic study of Equisetum arvense.
The tubers are formed as shortened swollen internodes consisting of starch-filled cells traversed by a few vascular bundles Korsmo, The roots of E. Studies on the development in the vegetative shoot of Equisetum arvense. Andersson TN; Lundegsrdh B, a.
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Changes in the weed population of spring cereals in Finland. Repeated hoeing during one season has little effect on E.
The branches are cm long with internodes 1. Annales Agriculturae Fenniae, 26 3: Under some circumstances, E. The sterile stems of E.
The biology of Canadian weeds. Sterile shoots in autumn D with fertile shoot buds E which will appear the following spring. A Geographic Atlas of World Weeds. Cultivation depletes the extensive underground food reserves of E. It is dependent on its rhizomes and tubers for growth under heavy shade.
As small Arctic plants they occasionally persist and become branched and green Tutin et al. Weed Research, 19 1: Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Ervio LR; Salonen J, August applications of glyphosate gave consistently better control compared with those earlier in the season, presumably because the increased movement of assimilates during fflora late summer to the regions of active growth rhizome apices, nodes, and tubers is also conducive to translocation Marshall, Perennial weeds in conservation tillage systems: Thiaminase is an enzyme that splits the B vitamin thiamine rendering it inactive.
Andersson TN; Milberg P, Weed Science, 34 2: